Title of PublicationMech D, Sangwai JS*. Investigations on the formation kinetics of semiclathrate hydrate of methane in an aqueous solution of tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide and sodium dodecyl sulfate in porous media. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 2018, 40, 2415–2422.
Year of Publication : 2018
Natural gas hydrate is considered to be an attractive sustainable energy resource for the world. Hydrate as a technology can be of immense importance for various industrial processes, such as multicomponent natural gas separation, gas storage and transportation, and carbon dioxide capture from flue gases and sequestration. A variety of hydrate additives, which includes promoters (thermodynamics and kinetics) and porous media, are being researched to improve the hydrate formation kinetics. However, studies involving the combinations of these are rare in the open literature. In this work, the formation kinetics of methane hydrate/semiclathrate hydrate using tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide (TBAB) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) aqueous solutions at various concentrations in a porous medium containing silica sand at initial hydrate formation pressures (7.5 and 5.5 MPa) and temperatures (273.65 and 276.15 K) have been investigated. All the experiments were conducted using 75% water saturation. Various kinetics parameters, such as gas uptake, gas-to-hydrate conversion, and induction time, have been reported. It was found that the combination of TBAB+ SDS showed favorable hydrate formation kinetics in porous media than the TBAB system. This work provides information for further studies involving semiclathrate hydrate applications for various industrial processes.